Quote. Einar Thomassen. Valentinian Ideas About Salvation as Transformation. 2009.

In his violent attack on the Valentinians in Book 31 of the Panarion, Bishop Epiphanius, amongst other grievances, also ridicules their views on resurrection:
They deny the resurrection of the dead, uttering some senseless fable about it not being this body that rises, but another one which comes from it and which they call “spiritual” (μὴ τὸ σῶμα τοῦτο ἀνίστασθαι, ἀλλ’ ἕτερον μὲν ἐξ αὐτοῦ, ὃ δὴ πνευματικὸν καλοῦσι). But [salvation belongs?] only to those among them who are spiritual, and to those called “psychic” –provided, that is, the psychics act justly. But those called “material”, “carnal” and “earthly” perish utterly and are in no way saved. Each substance proceeds to what emitted it: the material is given over to matter and what is carnal and earthly to the earth. (Pan. 31.7.6–7; trans. P. R. Amidon)
It is somewhat amusing that what Epiphanius here calls a “senseless fable” of the Valentinians in fact seems to be sound Pauline doctrine. The spiritual body that rises from the present one as a new and transformed being is precisely what Paul speaks about in 1 Cor 15:44: σπείρεται σῶμα ψυχικόν, ἐγείρεται σῶμα πνευματικόν. In other words, the Valentinians appear to have held a view of the resurrection that was more in agreement with Paul than was the doctrine professed by the heresy-hunting bishop.

Einar Thomassen. ‘Valentinian Ideas About Salvation as Transformation’. In “Ekstasis – Religious Experience from Antiquity to the Middle Ages”, 1 – ‘Metamorphoses’, p. 169. 2009.

Ponce de León. Tou Hagiou Patros hemon Epiphaniou, episkopou Konstanteias Kyprou, Peri ton physiologon; Ad physiologum; In die festo palmarum sermo. 1587.


Tou Hagiou Patros hemon Epiphaniou, episkopou Konstanteias Kyprou, Peri ton physiologon; tou autou Eis ta baia logos. Sancti patris nostri Epiphanii, Episcopi Constantiae Cypri, Ad physiologum; Eiusdem In die festo palmarum sermo (1587)

Author: Epiphanius, Saint, Bishop of Constantia in Cyprus, ca. 310-403; Ponce de León, Gonzalo, b. 1530; Epiphanius, Saint, Bp. of Constantia in Cyprus. Eis ta baia logos. Latin & Greek
Subject: Zoology
Publisher: Romae, Apud Zannettum et Ruffinellum
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language: Latin; Ancient Greek
Call number: 29620
Digitizing sponsor: Sloan Foundation
Book contributor: Research Library, The Getty Research Institute
Collection: getty; americana
Notes: No table of contents. Irregular pagination. Misprinted page numbers and/or pages bound out of order. Foxing. Narrow margins. Gutter included to avoid cropping text.


The 2nd-century Physiologus was wrongly attributed to Epiphanius. It served as a source for emblem writers; see Praz

Zanetti-Ruffinelli device on t.-p. (flower). Engraved port. of Epiphanius, b4v; according to the engraved legend beneath, it was copied by Joannes Adolus from an image in the Sula monastery, Constantinople. Woodcut ill. of animals, insects, birds. Head- and tail-pieces. Initials

Mortimer, R. Italian 16th-cent.

Praz, M. Emblem books

In Getty copy, a second impression of gathering O is bound in after N

Binding: later vellum. Page edges mottled red

Mounted above center of front paste down is label of Hans W. Taeuber

Ponce de León. Tou Hagiou Patros hemon Epiphaniou, episkopou Konstanteias Kyprou, Peri ton physiologon; Ad …