Quote. Alan Thacker. Bede and the Ordering of Understanding. 2006.

From the Scriptures, Bede moves on to hagiography, history and martyrology, hymns and epigrams, and natural science and computus, concluding with orthography, meter and grammar. Now there is nothing random or accidental in all this. For Bede, knowledge was highly interconnected. Its primary focus was the Christian Scriptures and the body of authoritative learned commentary on those Scriptures. It was natural therefore to begin with biblical exegesis, Hagiography and history follow since they demonstrated the teaching elucidated in abstract terms in the commentaries in action, in the theater or human affairs. The close connections in Bede’s mind between exegesis and history are particularly evident in the links between the late commentaries, such as De tabernaculo, De templo, and In Ezram et Neemiam, and the Historia ecclesiastica.
After history and historiography, the next significant section in Bede’s list of his writings focuses on his scientific treatises on chronology and the natural world. Computistical calculation of course had considerable practical implications for monks and liturgists, and Bede was, as we all know, an outstanding computist. At a deeper level, however, he was interested in chronology as revealing the structure of time, that structure which, as Faith Wallis has recently pointed out, represented the “continuity and patters” of divine providence. Both his chronological treatises therefore culminate in discussion of the ages of the world, of the progress of time from creation to the sixth and present age, the last of historical time that will usher in “the eternal stability and stable eternity” of the seventh and final age. That doctrine of the seven ages of the world, predicated on the seven days of creation, brings us of course back full circle to the creation myth of Genesis and biblical exegesis.
Such concerns are intimately connected with Bede’s analysis of the natural world. That world could only be understood through the lens of Genesis, and De natura rerum begins with a discussion derived from Augustine of the biblical creation story. What follows (in which the principal sources -Augustine, Pliny and Isidore- are carefully indicated) is designed to bring the ancients’ understanding of the world into a scriptural perspective.
Computus also naturally intersected with history. Both Bede’s treatises on time ended in world chronicles, dating events by annus mundi, the age of the world. In them, as Faith Wallis has pointed out, Bede was writing universal history with a universal dating system. In the Historia ecclesiastica, he is specific, focused upon the salvation history of a single nation -and here, in work solely devoted to the last age, he uses a different dating system, centered on the incarnation, thereby Cristianizing the structure of time.

Alan Thacker, “Bede and the Ordering of Understanding”, in ‘Innovation and Tradition in the Writings of The Venerable Bede’, ed. by Scott DeGregorio, pp. 47-49. West Virginia University Press, 2006.

Quote. Robert M. Grant. Early Christians and Animals. 1999.

Isidore died before finishing his Etymologies, divided into twenty books by his friend Braulio, bishop of Saragossa. The title reflects his basic literary interests, and his method often leads him into fanciful word-derivations which he considers scientific. He discusses animals at the end of Book XI and in the whole of Book XII, and is less credulous than the author of the Physiologus. He has avoided many legendary anecdotes because he has analyzed narratives in the manner of Greek rhetoric, dividing them into three classes defined as historical fact, fiction, and myth.
For Isidore historical “facts” really took place, and even if “argumenta” (fictitious accounts) did not occur they could have occurred. Fables (myths) did not occur and cannot occur, however, because they are contrary to nature. The Physiologus, of course, had paid no attention to such distinctions, but Isidore was better trained in rhetorical analysis and more concerned with it. Though he discussed many of the fabled creatures found in the Physiologus, he did not often classify them as “animals.” Relying on Varro (through Augustine), he placed “monsters” and “fabulous portents” at the end of the eleventh book (or did his editor Braulio do this?), accepting the first group of portents as trustworthy (11.3.1–27), and even (like Pliny) citing Aristotle as an authority. These stories are placed under the heading “portents” and are different from the materials “on animals,” but they are also different from a few fabulous and fictitious accounts which can be explained away (11.3.28–39). Isidore definitely believes that transformations of men into beasts, or vice versa, are possible, and it seems surprising that he accepts the existence of vampires (11.4).
Henkel notes Isidore’s criticism, possibly after Augustine, of the tales about the weasel and the pelican and his references to the existence of hearsay. Isidore’s work is somewhat more “scientific” than the Physiologus, and Henkel rightly insists that medieval people did not regard the latter as a textbook of zoology. It is not what we should call scientific, however, for it is based on neither observation nor analysis but simply on rhetorical tradition.

Robert M. Grant. ‘Early Christians and Animals’, pp. 113-114. Routledge, 1999.

Gumerlock. Mark 13:32 and Christ’s Supposed Ignorance: Four Patristic Solutions. 2007.

Trinity Journal 28 (2007):205-213
Mark 13:32 and Christ’s Supposed Ignorance:
Four Patristic Solutions


Referring to the time of His Second Coming, Jesus is recorded as saying, “But of
that day or hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father
alone” (Mark 13:32, NASB. The word alone is italicized because it was supplied by the
translator). The church fathers spilled much ink explaining this statement of the Lord,
most often because of its import regarding Christology.2 Since the passage allegedly
presents Christ as ignorant, the Arians of the early church, who denied that the Son was
consubstantial with the Father, used it as a proof-text for their belief in a less-than-divine
Son of God.3 On the other hand, those who held to Nicene orthodoxy and believed that
Jesus was fully God and possessed all the attributes of divinity, including omniscience,
responded to the Arians with Colossians 3:2, “In Him are all the treasures of wisdom and
knowledge.” The adherents of Nicene orthodoxy, besides asserting Christ’s omniscience,
also had to make sense out of Mark 13:32, which seemed to teach that Jesus was ignorant
of at least one detail concerning the future, i.e. the time of His return. To solve the
theological dilemma of the omniscient Son of God not knowing the time of His own
Second Coming, the church fathers proposed a variety of explanations. This article
presents and evaluates four of their solutions—the philological solution of Basil of
Caesarea, two “figures of speech” solutions offered by Augustine of Hippo and Gregory
of Tours respectively, and the anthropological solution of Athanasius of Alexandria.

Article kindly provided by Francis X. Gumerlock, through his website.

Cureton. Corpus Ignatianum : a complete collection of the Ignatian epistles, genuine, interpolated, and spurious. 1849.

Corpus Ignatianum :

a complete collection of the Ignatian epistles,

genuine, interpolated, and spurious …


Author: Ignatius, Saint, Bishop of Antioch, d. ca. 110
Publisher: Berlin : Asher
Language: English
Call number: ALG-4438
Digitizing sponsor: University of Toronto
Book contributor: PIMS – University of Toronto
Collection: pimslibrary; toronto

Chrysostomika : studi e ricerche intorno a S. Giovanni Crisostomo. 1908.

Chrysostomika :

studi e ricerche intorno a
S. Giovanni Crisostomo

Subject: John Chrysostom, Saint, d. 407; John Chrysostom, Saint, d. 407; Fathers of the church
Publisher: Roma : Libreria Pustet
Language: Italian
Call number: 35101070
Digitizing sponsor: University of Toronto
Book contributor: PIMS – University of Toronto
Collection: pimslibrary; toronto

Il Comitato costituitosi in Roma per tributar le dovute onoranze a san Giovanni Crisostomo in occasione del XV centenario dalla sua morte, tra i vari modi con i quali intese render il dovuto onore alla memoria del grande Padre della Chiesa e del valentissimo oratore, credette assai opportuno quello d’ invitare alcuni tra i più competenti studiosi di discipline storiche o liturgiche a portare il loro contributo nell’ illustrazione della vita, delle opere e in genere di quanto da presso o da lungi potesse riferirsi al santo.
Il presente volume è appunto la raccolta di questi studi diretti ad illustrar qualche tratto poco noto o non affatto conosciuto della vita e delle opere del Crisostomo, a stabilir la fortuna delle sue opere nelle varie letterature , l’estensione e l’ oggetto del suo culto.
Esso si presenta naturalmente diviso in tre parti, o fascicoli, di cui la prima si riferisce alla sua figura morale e letteraria ; la seconda alla liturgia che va sotto il suo nome e alle sue diramazioni nelle varie nazionalità dell’ Oriente ; la terza finalmente tratta del culto del santo e cioè delle sue reliquie, dell’eortologia, dell’ innografia, e dell’ iconografia crisostomiane.
In tal guisa il Comitato confida di aver tributato a san Giovanni Crisostomo un duraturo omaggio e insieme di aver offerto ai dotti e agli studiosi in genere di discipline storiche e liturgiche un utile strumento di lavoro, un repertorio ampio ed originale dove si trovino illustrati quei punti specialmente di storia o di critica su cui non si è fatta ancora universalmente la luce della scienza storica.

Roma, 14 settembre 1907.


Chrysostomika : studi e ricerche intorno a S. Giovanni Crisostomo. 1908.

Luchaire. Innocent III. 1906-1908.

Innocent III

(1906-1908 [v. 1, 1907])

Author: Luchaire, Achille, 1846-1908
Volumes: 6
Subject: Innocent III, Pope, 1160 or 61-1216; Catholic Church; Lateran Council 1215); Albigenses; Italy — History 476-1268; Latin Empire, 1204-1261; Holy Roman Empire — History Otto IV, 1198-1215
Publisher: Paris : Hachette et cie
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language: English
Call number: ANB-8552
Digitizing sponsor: MSN
Book contributor: Robarts – University of Toronto
Collection: robarts; toronto

Une figure ronde et juvenile, de grands yeux avec des sourcils bien arques, un nez droit et une petite bouche. Sur la tete, une tiare en etoffe, simple bonnet pointu que terminent, en haut, une houppe, en bas, un cercle de metal. Sur le buste, l’insigne du haut sacerdoce, le pallium, bande de laine blanche semee de croix rouges. C’est ainsi que le fragment de mosai’que conserve dans la villa du due Torlonia, a Poli, et la peinture de l’eglise souterraine du Sacro Speco, a Subiaco, representent lepape Innocent III. L’histoire ajoute qu’il avail la taille petite, la physionomie agreable, la parole facile et la voix tellement sonore et bien timbree que tout le monde l’entendait et le comprenait même quand il parlait a voix basse.

Quand on suit la route de Rome a Naples, l’ancienne voie Latine, on debouche, vers le soixantieme kilometre, dans la vallee de la riviere Sacco. En haut des premiers sommets qui l’encadrent, a cinq ou six cents metres, apparaissent, perchees sur l’assise eternelle de leurs murs cyclopeens, Segni, Anagni, Ferentino, Palestrina, les vieilles villes Herniques. Leurs eglises ont pour base des substructions de temples pai’ens. Saint-Pierre de Segni, Sainte-Marie d’Anagni, massives comme des forteresses, dominent encore les maisons de pierre et les remparts de leur cite.

D’est la qu’etait le patrimoine d’Innocent III. Les chatelains de Segni, une lignee d’origine lombarde, possedaient, depuis le dixieme siecle, le comte de la Campagne romaine. Mais ce n’est qu’apres Innocent III que, pourvus d’importantes proprietes a Rome et aux environs, et illustres par leur grand pape, ils s’appelerent comtes tout court, en italien conti. Telle fut l’origine de la puissante maison romaine des Conti, rivale des Orsini, des Colonna, des Savelli. Rien qu’au treizieme siecle, elle devait fournir plusieurs papes au monde chretien.

Cavallera. Saint Jérôme : sa vie et son oeuvre. 1922.

Saint Jérôme : sa vie et son oeuvre (1922)

Author: Cavallera, Ferdinand, 1875-1954
Subject: Jerome, Saint, d. 419 or 20
Publisher: Louvain : “Spicilegium Sacrum Lovaniense” Bureaux ; PAris : H. Champion
Language: French
Call number: AWS-4594
Digitizing sponsor: University of Toronto
Book contributor: PIMS – University of Toronto
Collection: pimslibrary; toronto

Cavallera. Saint Jérôme : sa vie et son oeuvre. 1922. by Patrologia Latina, Graeca et Orientalis

Scribd collection. Individual Works, Studies, Monographies.

We begin with this new collection in Scribd.

The main goal of this section is to gather and share contents mainly focused in individual or alone works/volumes.

At this moment, some contents available can be viewed in the next list:

The administrators.

American Journal Of Semitic Languages And Literatures.

American Journal Of Semitic Languages And Literatures.

Continuing “Hebraica”.


General Index to Volumes XII – XXXVIII (for vols. I-XI see Hebraica)

American Journal Of Semitic Languages And Literatures – Index Vols. XII – XXXVIII



Gilson. Théry. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen-âge. 1926-1939.

Archives d’histoire doctrinale


littéraire du Moyen-âge

dirigées par Et. Gilson,

et G. Théry, O.P.

Contributor : Gilson, Étienne (1884-1978). Directeur de publication
Contributor : Théry, Gabriel (1891-1959). Directeur de publication
Publisher : Librairie philosophique J. Vrin (Paris)
Date : 1926-1939.
Description : Périodicité : Annuel
Identifier : ISSN 03735478
Language : fre
Relation : Notice du catalogue : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb34378559v
Type : text,  texte, publication en série imprimée, printed serial
Format : application/pdf
Description : Etat de collection : Année (1926-1939)
Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France
Rights : domaine public, public domain

This series was announced previously here.

Greek ecclesiastical historians of the first six centuries of the Christian era. 1843.

Greek ecclesiastical historians of the first six centuries of the Christian era (1843)

Volumes: 6
Subject: Christian literature, Early; Church history
Publisher: London, Bagster
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language: English
Call number: 518631
Book contributor: Princeton Theological Seminary Library
Collection: princeton; americana
Scanfactors: 3


–Vol. I. Life of Constantine from 306 to 337 A.C., by Eusebius Pamphilus.
–Vol. II. Ecclesiastical history to 324 A.D., by Eusebius. 4th ed.
–Vol. III. History of the church from 306 to 445 A.D., by Socrates.
–Vol. IV. History of the church from 324 to 440 A.D., by Sozomen.
–Vol. V. History of the church from 322 to 427 A.D., by Theodoretus.
–Vol. VI. History of the church from 431 to 594 A.D., by Evagrius Scholasticus

Rahlfs. Septuaginta-studien. 1904-1911.



Author: Rahlfs, Alfred, 1865-1935
Volumes: 3
Subject: Kings, Book of; Septuagint
Publisher: Göttingen, Vandenhoeck
Language: German
Call number: AEW-8361
Digitizing sponsor: University of Toronto
Book contributor: Robarts – University of Toronto
Collection: robarts; toronto

Note: The volume 2 has been released by the Googlebooks service. Internet Archive stores a copy, where this second volume was binded with the no. 1. The item is included below, the second volume starts in the page 93.