Comment. Clevenger. A Romp through the History of the Holy Spirit: From Scripture to Athanasius.

Today, Ryan Clevenger deals with this topic: “A Romp through the History of the Holy Spirit”.

This short article is full of biblical quotations, bringing us a very interesting Conclusion:

What we have seen so far is that

  1. the evidence in Scripture is not really as clear as we might want it to be and it demands some sort of reconciliation.
  2. The history up until this point bears that fact out as we see Patristic writers emphasizing specific texts over others and attempting to organize the disparate data. In other words, the issue of the Holy Spirit couldn’t be put off any longer. The debate with the Arians over the nature of the Son forced the question: what about the Holy Spirit? Their task was primarily exegetical, but even then everything had to be brought together. Not as some sort of abstract intellectual speculation, but a fundamental aspect of the life of the Church, of salvation, and of the nature of the God whom we worship.

The full article available here.

Commentary. The early Church Fathers, most of whom were fanatics with an axe to grind…

El día de ayer comencé la lectura de un librito cuyo título es por demás atractivo: The Gnostics. The first Christian heretics.

Escrito por Sean Matin, este libro ofrece una visión más o menos bien documentada sobre el gnosticismo, sin preocuparse en demasía por los aspectos más áridos de su tema, y en cambio, sí resaltando los elementos más sórdidos, y que debieran tratarse con un mínimo de cuidado.

Apenas en las primeras páginas, el polemista enconado hace su aparición, en un párrafo por demás cuestionable:

Despite the writings of the early Church Fathers, most of whom were fanatics with an axe to grind, the term ‘Gnostic’ was not universally used by Gnostic teachers such as Valentinus and Marcion, who usually simply referred to themselves as Christians, nor by Church apologists such as Tertullian and Irenaeus, who often called them simply ‘heretics’. The problem is further compounded by the fact that the Gnostics themselves were comprised of diverse groups which did not have a uniform set of beliefs; indeed, diversity is one of the hallmarks of Gnosticism. Furthermore, not all Gnostics were Christian – some were Jews, some Pagan.
Modern scholarship is divided over what is actually meant by the term ‘Gnosticism’. In 1966, a colloquium of scholars met at Messina in Italy to establish exactly what is meant by Gnosticism and gnosis. They concluded that Gnosticism refers to the religious systems developed in the early centuries of the Common Era, while gnosis is the attaining of knowledge. One could therefore have gnosis, but not be a Gnostic. (For the present book, we will try to adhere to the Messina definitions.) The political theorist Eric Voegelin further muddied the waters when he attempted to define Gnosticism as being derived from a general feeling of alienation and disconnectedness with society. As a result, he detected Gnosticism in Marxism, Communism and Nazism, all of which, according to Voegelin, were movements which wanted to bring about apocalypse (he dubbed it ‘immanentising the eschaton’).
Gnostic tendencies have since been spotted in a wide variety of writers, thinkers, political and spiritual movements, and also across the spectrum of popular culture, from Hollywood movies to computer games and comics. This bewilderingly diverse group includes the likes of not only Jung, but also William Blake, Goethe, Herman Melville, Albert Camus, Hegel, Nietzsche, WB Yeats, Franz Kafka, Existentialists, all manner of Theosophists, Jack Kerouac, Philip K Dick, computer games such as the Xenosaga series, comics such as Neil Gaiman’s Sandman and Alan Moore’s Promethea and movies such as The Truman Show and the Matrix trilogy.

Martin, The Gnostics. The first Christian Heretics, pp. 15-17.  2006.

Dejando de lado ese tono sensacionalista, ávido de publicidad y reconocimiento, hay un punto a favor que este libro tiene de manera indudable: obliga al lector a repensar por completo su visión de la Iglesia, y en cuanto tal, ofrece la posibilidad de indicar un sendero de estudio e investigación por demás válido, que quienquiera que esté interesado en el tema podrá sortear, tomando sus propios riesgos y obteniendo también sus propias conclusiones.

La visión panorámica -si bien afectada por ese afán de polémica- de la Historia de la Iglesia de los primeros tiempos, resalta de una manera práctica y también continua los altibajos que adolece dicho periodo histórico. Y sin dudar en llamar a Pablo ‘verdadero fundador del cristianismo’ o al mismo Pablo ‘el primer hereje cristiano’, el autor también repasa los testimonios más importantes sobre el tema, en este libro de divulgación que involuntariamente resulta estar muy bien formado, aunque la argumentación general no se atreve a sacar las últimas conclusiones de semejantes tramas.

Un libro por demás interesante, que puede leerse como una curiosidad, y de la que, escudriñando atentamente, puede obtenerse y sin duda alguna, un gran provecho.

México, Frontera Norte. 9 de Noviembre de 2011.

Church history: Works, studies, theses related to the Church history.

The PLGO Community is offering a brief but useful collection, including items related to the Church History.

All these items can be accessed in the next link, as a permanent collection in our Scribd account:

 

 

Greek ecclesiastical historians of the first six centuries of the Christian era. 1843.

Greek ecclesiastical historians of the first six centuries of the Christian era (1843)

Volumes: 6
Subject: Christian literature, Early; Church history
Publisher: London, Bagster
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language: English
Call number: 518631
Book contributor: Princeton Theological Seminary Library
Collection: princeton; americana
Scanfactors: 3

Description

–Vol. I. Life of Constantine from 306 to 337 A.C., by Eusebius Pamphilus.
–Vol. II. Ecclesiastical history to 324 A.D., by Eusebius. 4th ed.
–Vol. III. History of the church from 306 to 445 A.D., by Socrates.
–Vol. IV. History of the church from 324 to 440 A.D., by Sozomen.
–Vol. V. History of the church from 322 to 427 A.D., by Theodoretus.
–Vol. VI. History of the church from 431 to 594 A.D., by Evagrius Scholasticus


Fleury. Abrégé de l’histoire ecclésiastique de M. l’abbé Fleury. 1750.

Abregé de L’Histoire Ecclesiastique

de Mr. L’Abbé Fleury

Contenant les I. II. III. & IV. Siècles.

Author: Fleury, Claude, 1640-1723; Morenas, François, 1702-1774
Subject: Église catholique; Papes
Publisher: Avignon : C. Delorme
Language: French
Call number: BX 944 .F55 1750
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: University of Ottawa
Collection: universityofottawa; toronto

NOTA: The volumes 6 and 8 has not been released yet. The last volumes, 9 and 10, was written by Morenas as continuation of the first 8 volumes of this collection.


Bochet. Saint Jérôme et ses ennemis : étude sur la querelle de Saint Jérôme avec Rufin d’Aquilée et sur l’ensemble de son oeuvre polémique. 1905.

Saint Jérôme et ses ennemis :

étude sur la querelle de Saint Jérôme

avec Rufin d’Aquilée

et sur l’ensemble de son oeuvre polémique

(1905)

Author: Bochet, Jérôme, 1870-1927; Jérôme, saint, m. 419 ou 20; Rufin, d’Aquilée, ca. 345-410
Subject: Jérôme, saint, m. 419 ou 20; Rufin, d’Aquilée, ca. 345-410; Saints chrétiens
Publisher: Paris : A. Fontemoing
Language: French
Call number: BR 1720 .J5 B727 1905
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: University of Ottawa
Collection: universityofottawa; toronto

Leclercq. L’Afrique chrétienne [Vol. I]. 1904.

L’Afrique chrétienne

(1904)

Author: Leclercq, Henri, 1869-1945
Publisher: Paris, V. Lecoffre
Language: French
Call number: DEK6072
Digitizing sponsor: Brigham Young University
Book contributor: Harold B. Lee Library
Collection: americana

Note: This work have 2 volumes. At this time only the first has been released, the second volume seems to have copyrighted restrictions. Some references indicate 1923 as the last year of re-impression of the second volume.

Grimont. Les premiers siècles du christianisme. 1900.

Les premiers siècles du christianisme

(1900)

Author: Grimont, Ferdinand, 1818-1874
Subject: Église; Christianisme
Publisher: Tours : A. Mame
Language: French
Call number: BR 145 .G7 1900
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: University of Ottawa
Collection: universityofottawa; toronto

Delehaye. Les passions des martyrs et genres littéraires. 1921.

Les passions des martyrs

et genres littéraires

(1921)

Author: Delehaye, Hippolyte, 1859-1941
Subject: Martyrologies
Publisher: Bruxelles : Société des Bollandistes
Language: French
Call number: BR1609 .D4 1921
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: Kelly – University of Toronto
Collection: kellylibrary; toronto

Allard. Les dernières persécutions du troisième siècle, Gallus, Valérien, Aurélien : d’après les documents archéologiques. 1887.

Les dernières persécutions du troisième siècle,

Gallus, Valérien, Aurélien :

d’après les documents archéologiques

(1887)

Author: Allard, Paul, 1841-1916
Subject: Church history; Persecution
Publisher: Paris : V. Lecoffre
Language: French
Call number: AKE-4125
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: Kelly – University of Toronto
Collection: kellylibrary; toronto

Allard. Histoire des persécutions pendant la première moitié du troisième siècle (Septime Sévère, Maximin, Dèce) : d’après les documents archéologiques. 1886.

Histoire des persécutions

pendant la première moitié du troisième siècle

(Septime Sévère, Maximin, Dèce) :

d’après les documents archéologiques

(1886)

Author: Allard, Paul, 1841-1916
Subject: Persecution; Church history
Publisher: Paris : Victor Lecoffre
Language: French
Call number: AVS-2638
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: Kelly – University of Toronto
Collection: kellylibrary; toronto

Duchesne. Histoire ancienne de l’église. 1907.

Histoire ancienne de l’église

(1907)

Author: Duchesne, L. (Louis), 1843-1922
Volumes: 3
Subject: Church history
Publisher: Paris : A. Fontemoing
Language: French
Call number: BR165 .D8 1907
Digitizing sponsor: University of Ottawa
Book contributor: Kelly – University of Toronto
Collection: kellylibrary; toronto
Notes: tight gutter, book doesn’t open flat. Glass cuts of text.